Thursday, June 13, 2013

Seven Springs Museum Part 2: The Civil War

Civil War artifacts

While there were no Civil War battles fought in Powder Springs, a number of skirmishes and major battles during the Atlanta Campaign were fought within a few miles of the town. The town's location between Dallas and Marietta and along Sherman's flanking route from Marietta to Atlanta brought many Union and Confederate troops through the town.

Hardee's Corps of the Army of Tennessee (Confederate) reached Powder Springs on May 24, 2864 from the Etowah River via New Hope Church near Dallas in Paulding County. Discovering that Sherman's right flank was approaching Dallas, Hardee countermarched the following day back towards Dallas and New Hope.

Following the battles of Dallas, New Hope Church, and Pickett's Mill, Sherman again flanked the Confederates, forcing Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston to pull back to prepared works along a line from Kennesaw Mountain to Pine Mountain to Lost Mountain, placing the Confederate left flank about seven miles north of Powder Springs.

Civil War map showing Union (blue) and Confederate (red) lines.
The initial Confederate line (red line across middle of map) ended near Lost
Mountain on the Dallas Road (Dallas Highway) due north of Powder Springs (middle left).
Powder Springs Road can be seen stretching from Powder Springs northeast to Marietta (upper right).
The Kolb House is on Powder Springs Road close to where the solid red line crossing
Powder Springs Road west of Marietta becomes a dotted red line in the center of the map.

The capture of Lost Mountain June 15, 1864

Civil War map showing Confederate the Confederate line around Lost Mountain.
The Lost Mountain-Powder Springs Road (Lost Mountain Road-Old Lost Mountain Road)
runs south to Powder Springs crossing Dallas Road at the foot of Lost Mountain
and Macland Road across the middle of the map.

Kolb House on Powder Springs Road

The Battle of Kolb's Farm was fought June 22, 1864, about seven miles northeast of Powder Springs.

The Cheney House on Powder Springs Road

From June 22-30, 1864, the Cheney House served as headquarters for Major General John M. Schofield, commanding the Army of the Ohio, the right wing of Union forces.

The McAdoo House on Powder Springs Road

Another landmark in the Battle of Kolb's Farm was the McAdoo House on Powder Springs Road.

Shrapnel imbedded in a log from the Lindley house.

During the Civil War, the original log portion of this house on Powder Springs Road was the home of Jonathan Lindley, a Confederate soldier who died as a prisoner of war in Ohio. Shrapnel hitting the log house while Lindley's wife Asenath sat rocking their son Thomas sent a splinter into the boy's eye, causing Thomas to lose the eye.

Bullets and other artifacts found near the Union Cavalry Camp at Powder Springs

Found on the battlefield at Burnt Hickory Road & Noses Creek

Found at the Confederate Calvary Camp at Powder Springs

Following the fall of Atlanta, Union and Confederate forces again traveled through Powder Springs. Union troops destroyed both the Methodist and Baptist Churches and used the lumber to build quarters.

US Major General Stoneman had his headquarters in the parlor of the Jim Lindley house.
Jane and Tom Lindley, children of Jonathan Lindley, are shown with their mother Asenath.
The US government reimbursed the churches for their loss ... 51 years later in 1915.
The Methodist church received $640.

Return to  Seven Springs Museum Part 1
Continue to Seven Springs Museum Part 3
Continue to Seven Springs Museum Part 4

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